Land Title: Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions, Fourth Edition Authors: Michael I. McKinney, Robert M. Schoch, Logan Yonavjak
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Practice Quizzes

Please read each question and select your answer from the choices provided. You must complete all of the questions in order to view your results.

1:  Which of the following statements is true?
A: Venus and Mars exhibit an abundance of plate activity as evidenced by frequent volcanic activity.
B: The lithosphere lies interior to the asthenosphere below the earth's crust.
C: There are seven major tectonic plates upon which the continents move.
D: The earth is about 4.6 million years old. The oceans and atmosphere about 3.8 million.

2:  If the leading edges of colliding plates both contain continental crust, the result may be the formation of
A: mountains.
B: trenches.
C: earthquakes.
D: volcanoes.

3:  Which of the following is true about atoms?
A: An atom can be identified by its atomic mass.
B: Atoms that lose or gain electrons are called isotopes.
C: Protons and electrons are carried in the nucleus of an atom.
D: The number of protons of an atom is its atomic number.

4:  Identify the correct statement.
A: Most of the sun's energy that reaches the earth's surface goes into photosynthesis.
B: Weather is determined by the daily perturbations of the water and atmospheric cycles.
C: Deserts tend to form around the equator due to rising hot dry air.
D: The land on the leeward side of mountains tends to be cool and wet.

5:  The rainshadow effect is responsible for the production of
A: rainforests.
B: deserts.
C: lakes.
D: oceans.

6:  Which of the following is true of an area with high albedo?
A: It has a strong sex drive.
B: It tends to absorb light.
C: It is exemplified as oceans and vegetation.
D: It can contribute to global cooling.

7:  The seasons are primarily due to
A: the rotation of the earth.
B: the orientation of the earth's axis.
C: the distance of the earth from the sun.
D: the orbiting of the earth around the sun.

8:  Which of the following is true about origins?
A: The universe is about five billion years old.
B: Our solar system is much younger than the universe.
C: The oceans have formed relatively late in the earth's history.
D: The earth's atmosphere was rich in oxygen during its formation.

9:  Earthquakes
A: have never killed more than 10,000 people.
B: are measured by the Mercalli scale in North America.
C: can now be predicted as accurately as the weather.
D: can be anthropogenic in origin.

10:  What is the most important cause of human-induced earthquakes?
A: dam and reservoir construction
B: oil drilling
C: liquid waste disposal
D: nuclear detonation

11:  Which of the following is a difference between basaltic and andesitic volcanoes?
A: Basaltic magma is richer in silica.
B: Basaltic magma is formed where subduction is taking place.
C: Basaltic volcanoes tend to be more explosive.
D: Basaltic volcanoes are hotter.

12:  Which of the following is true about cyclones?
A: In S.E. Asia they are called hurricanes.
B: Tropical cyclones kill more people than earthquakes in a given decade.
C: Approximately 10-20 tropical cyclones develop each year.
D: The U.S. west coast is particularly prone to damage.

13:  Which of the following is true about tornadoes?
A: Eighty percent of them occur in the U.S.
B: They are more destructive than hurricanes.
C: They kill all animals drawn into the vortex.
D: They are also known as dust storms.

14:  The Sahel region of Africa is now experiencing the effects of
A: persistent cyclones.
B: flooding.
C: drought.
D: increased volcanic activity.

15:  The largest known fire in recorded history that destroyed 390,000 square miles occurred in
A: the U. S.
B: Canada.
C: Australia.
D: Siberia.

16:  From Figure 5-16 determine whether the northern hemisphere is titled toward or away from the sun during the winter solstice.
A: Toward
B: Away from

17:  Examine Table 5-1 and calculate how much more destructive earthquakes have been than floods in terms of the number of human deaths.
A: About 8 times
B: About 31 times
C: About 16 times
D: About 11 times

18:  How much more intense is an earthquake that measures 8.0 on the Richter scale than one that measures 7.0?
A: 2 times
B: 10 times
C: 50 times
D: 100 times

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Link: Jones and Bartlett Publishers