Land Title: Environmental Science: Systems and Solutions, Fourth Edition Authors: Michael I. McKinney, Robert M. Schoch, Logan Yonavjak
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Practice Quizzes

Please read each question and select your answer from the choices provided. You must complete all of the questions in order to view your results.


1:  Discarded cans are specifically and technically called
A: trash.
B: garbage.
C: refuse.
D: rubbish.

2:  The largest quantity of solid waste is in the form of
A: paper.
B: cans.
C: bottles.
D: plastics.

3:  Which of the following about incineration is true?
A: Incinerator production has been constantly increasing since the 1920s.
B: Refuse-derived fuel facilities are simple to operate due to the simplicity of the equipment.
C: Mass-burn incinerators burn refuse at lower temperatures in order not to damage the equipment.
D: Incinerators, even state of the art, produce huge amounts of toxic pollution.

4:  Which of the following is true about incineration?
A: Bottom ash from incineration contains dioxin and is thus more dangerous than fly ash.
B: Incineration is a more expensive process than using landfills due to the regulations involved.
C: Dioxin has proved to be a chemical whose harmful effects have been grossly exaggerated.
D: Modern incinerators cannot destroy or capture dioxin and thus the latter contaminates the atmosphere.

5:  Which of the following is true about sanitary landfills?
A: In the early decades of landfill development wetlands were used as landfill sites since they were considered wasteland.
B: Leachate is normally allowed to accumulate at the bottom of sanitary landfills.
C: Once a landfill id full, the land must be permanently abandoned.
D: The estimated average remaining life expectancy of an American landfill is about 45 years.

6:  Which of the following is true about deep-well injection as a method of waste disposal?
A: Earthquakes caused by deep-well injection is a theoretical, not an actual, possibility.
B: Once a deep well is filled and plugged, the well can be forgotten.
C: Deep-well injection first started in the mid 1980s by DuPont.
D: The main fear of deep-well injection is the contamination of the ground water.

7:  Which of the following is the most correct statement about the way we should deal with rubbish?
A: Recycling is an excellent method of conserving our natural resources and should be vigorously pursued.
B: Reuse of materials is more effective than recycling since it promotes source reduction and thus should be promoted.
C: an increase in the number and longevity of sanitary landfills is necessary.
D: Incineration, properly managed, should be increased because of its cogenerative features.

8:  In the U.S., how is most solid waste treated?
A: recycled
B: reused
C: put into landfills
D: incinerated

9:  Which of the following statements about recycling is true?
A: Fifty percent of glass products are contaminated with foreign substances and cannot be easily or economically recycled.
B: Close to 90 percent of used aluminum is currently recycled.
C: Of the four recyclable categories, plastics fares the best.
D: In recent years paper recycling has become a profitable business.

10:  In the U.S. what is the most commonly recycled metal?
A: aluminum
B: steel
C: silver
D: copper

11:  Which of the following is true about plastic recycling?
A: Biodegradable plastic is a misnomer since plastic, by nature, is not biodegradable.
B: Most environmentalists would prefer plastic over at paper at the grocery store.
C: Plastic recycling is typically in an open-loop system.
D: Plastic is plastic and no effort need be made to distinguish the various "plastics."

12:  Which statement is true?
A: The collection of recyclables has often run ahead of the actual recycling.
B: Creating markets for recycled materials by using tax incentives and government encouragement seldom works in the long run.
C: Heavy metals are common components inorganic hazardous waste.
D: Japan will soon exceed the U.S. in the production of waste/capita.

13:  Which of the following statements is most likely true?
A: The Love Canal disaster was the fault of one company; The Hooker Corporation.
B: The Superfund program, like the Clean Air Act, has been a model of what a sustained effort can have on the success of an environmental program.
C: Much of the Superfund money has been spent on legal fees rather than actual cleanup.
D: The Bhopal disaster was due to an ignoring of the consequences of toxic dumping.

14:  Which of the following statements about the new technology for dealing with hazardous waste is true?
A: Bioremediation shows a great deal of potential of being able to detoxify a large number of toxic chemicals.
B: The big drawback to the "plasma torch" is its inability to destroy certain hazardous wastes such as PCBs.
C: Sunlight offers a cheap method of breaking down toxins except it cannot raise temperatures high enough.
D: Bioremediation will never come into widespread use because of the fear of "renegade bands of microbes."

15:  What incident led to the passing of the Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know act of 1956?
A: Love Canal
B: Hiroshima
C: Bhopal
D: Hudson River

16:  According to Figure 18-2, approximately how much more waste per capita does an American generate than a German?
A: About 0.5 times
B: About 1.5 times
C: About 2 times
D: About 2.7 times

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Link: Jones and Bartlett Publishers