Environmental Oceanography: Topics and Analysis
For Students

Issues Questions

Please read each question below and type your response into each corresponding box. When you are finished, fill out your name, e-mail address, and instructor's e-mail at the bottom of this form, and click submit to send a copy to your instructor.

1:  Go to page 20 of the report and discuss the effect of trawling on Florida’s Oculina Banks.

2:  Go to page 65 of the report for Questions 20-2 through 20-4. What is the most challenging aspect of evaluating the effect of trawling and dredging on marine habitats?

3:  What communities are most vulnerable to acute and chronic physical disturbance?

4:  In what parts of the United States are trawling and dredging heaviest?

5:  Identify which of the three management tools you think would protect marine ecosystems the best. Explain your answer (see page 66 of the report).

6:  Identify the stakeholders involved in the issue of trawling. Then, for each stakeholder, identify their point of view on the issue. Which stakeholder should have the most infl uence? Explain your answer.

7:  Commercial fi shers argue that regulation of trawling should be delayed until rigorous scientifi c data documenting any harmful effects of trawling on the environment are collected. Assess the costs and benefi ts of waiting, and then discuss whether you think regulation should be enacted immediately or be delayed. Recall the Precautionary Principle. Should it be applied here? Why or why not?

8:  Managing trawling impact has social, economic, and environmental consequences. How much should each of these be weighed in deciding which tools to use? Explain your answer.

9:  What were the “strict new regulations” that commercial fi shers were required to follow?

10:  According to the report, some are concerned that these regulations might collapse the region’s fragile fi shing industry. Would you support the regulations if collapsing the regional commercial fi shing industry is a likely outcome? A possible outcome? Explain you answer.

11:  Commercial fi shing entails a fi nancial risk (and is heavily subsidized), even in the absence of regulation. Explain whether you would support (a) increased prices for seafood and/or (b) a tax on seafood if either or both of these would enable commercial fi shers to survive fi nancially

12:  Explain whether you agree or disagree with the statement that all fi sh need to be managed at a sustainable level.

13:  Give some examples of the cultural impacts of commercial fi shing. Should cultural impacts of fi shery management decisions be considered along with the environmental impacts? Explain.

14:  Some have argued that regulating commercial fi shing is putting fi sh before people. Do you agree? Justify your answer using principles of critical thinking.

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